Electric motorcycles and scooters
Electric motorcycles and scooters are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels that can be recharged from any external source of electricity, and the electricity stored on board in a rechargeable battery powers one or more electric motors to attain locomotion. Electric motorcycles, as distinguished from scooters, do not have a step-through frame.
As of November 2012, there are several commercial production electric motorcycles and scooters available in several markets around the world, including the Brammo Enertia, Brammo Enertia Plus. Brammo Empulse, CRP Energica, Zero X, Zero S, Yamaha EC-03, Vectrix VX-1, and the Lito Sora.
Generally, the source of power for the electric motor has been batteries, but development in fuel cell technology has created several prototypes. Some examples are: the ENV from Intelligent Energy, Honda's scooter using the Honda FC Stack, and the Yamaha FC-AQEL. Also, petroleum hybrid-electric motorcycles are available. Some examples are the Ecycle, and Yamaha's
A scooter is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and usually with smaller wheels designed for urban transportation.
Various types of scooters
Scooters are divided into categories as per the particular niche that they are designed to operate in and speed requirements:
- Two-wheeled high speed seated scooters separated from motorcycles by swing-through space in chassis 0-72 mph (0–116 km/h)
- Two-wheeled Stand-up scooters (like a kick scooter) 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)
- Two-wheeled Seated scooters 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)
- Two-wheeled, side-by-side stand-up scooters like manufactured by Segway PT 0-12 mph (0–20 km/h)
- Three-wheeled stand-up cambering scooter like Trikke Tribred (3CV 3-point carving vehicle) 18 mph (28 km/h) with dynamic suspension and front wheel drive
- Three-wheeled standup scooters 0-15 mph (0–25 km/h) (i.e. Easyglider X6)
- Three- and four-wheeled Mobility scooter (disability riders) 0-10 mph (0–15 km/h)
- Three- and four-wheeled Seated scooters/golf carts 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)
Electric motorcycle or electric bicycle
Two-wheeled motorcycles are generally differentiated from electric bicycles and mopeds (motorized pedal cycles) by speed, with motorcycles having greater speeds—usually greater than 30 mph (about 50 km/h). This line for what constitutes a 2-wheeled motorcycle has blurred due to marketing, styling, and public opinion.
Certain models of electric bicycle take the form of scooters or small motorcycles, with the standard features of common e-bikes, but with plastic or metal cladding, lighting systems; such as indicators and brake lights, and speedometers. They are however, classed as electric bicycles in most areas.Read more
Electric Motorcycle Conversions are Quickly becoming the latest trend around the globe.
As the concern rises over the climate change, it has come to the attention of many that as a result, the environment and people’s lives are at stake. There is therefore shift from the combustion propelled automobile to electric motorcycle manufacture. An example is the Green Diamond Power Incorporation which majorly concentrates on green environmental-friendly technology. This has seen manufacturing of e-scooter and battery packing. Due to the climate change, the chairman of GDP Inc. has embarked on research on high quality e-scooter in with the idea of making our earth cleaner, more natural for the environment and for next generations to come.Read more
Zev Corp asserts that their ZEV7100 is the fastest street-legal electric motorcycles in the country. The sleek scooter’s three-gear electronic transmission and 7,100-watt motor give the bike a top speed of 70 mph. At a cruising speed of 50mph, the ZEV7100 has a range of 62 miles on a fully-charged battery. The Zev offers this streamlined scooter in five bold colors, as well as seating room for two adults. With an MSRP of £7’900 the ZEV7100 may be one of the most affordable high-performance eco motorbikes on the market.more
ZEV is a USA manufacturer with the VIN sequence 1Z9.
ZEV listed in the EPA "Verify" system under the name ZEV.
ZEV is a group of hard core aerospace and mechanical engineers and business people that banded together to prove they could outflank, out design, and out perform everyone else in the alternative fuel vehicle market. We are all racers and designers of spacecraft, motorcycles, rockets, race cars, race boats, (UAV) unmanned drone aircraft, and piloted aircraft. High performance and sophisticated engineering is spoken here. Our senior management (+30 years) is internationally experienced, with numerous start ups and Fortune 500 operations on their resume. Senior management spent over thirteen weeks a year on the road in the factories of suppliers for both ZEV and for the corporate customers who hire ZEV to design their electric vehicles and police their production. We all firmly believe that electric vehicles are the fuel and environmental solution.
We believe that the way to change the world is to build the world changing products. We are the guys that the huge companies hate. We like to show up at the races with our small shop built bike and take home the trophy.
ZEV engineers are part of the same engineering group hired by other larger companies to tell them how to make their electric vehicles or hired to design the electric vehicles. ZEV is what you get when you ask the engineers to design vehicles for themselves.
Our engineers are the same engineers building the electric motors and controllers for high altitude military aircraft projects. In fact, they are using the internals parts right out of our standard scooter hub motors to create the aircraft systems. Our engineers are also the same building high altitude generators, evaluating the technologies and suppliers for battery and solar cells for those specific programs.
ZEV USA is a USA corporation with assembly, prototype, test and demonstration facilities currently in WV. and Pa.
Our Australia Design Facility ID number is D12645 and our Production Facility ID is P12644 We ship all over the world.
We make components in both the USA and China with assembly shops in the USA, Australia, and Vietnam. We do sub assembly in China of some components for shipment for final assembly in Vietnam for that market. We do final and finish assembly with USA made components in the USA for the USA, Australian, and European market. We use extremely skilled aircraft mechanics as our assembly workers in the USA.
Our testing operations are conducted in the mountains of WV. and the Pa. back roads. Our test riders run the long steep mountain grades, rough roads, sub zero and 90 degree temperature, high humidity, through lots of rain to put our vehicles to the test. more
As the functionality of smartphones and the popularity of electric scooters both continue to progress, it’s only natural that we should see the advent of electric scooters that feature smartphone integration. Recent examples have included the smart escooter and the MINI Scooter E, although the former won’t be in stores until next year, while the latter was designed only as a concept. Yesterday, however, Japan’s Terra Motors announced the upcoming availability of its iPhone-using A4000i. Read More
|Yamaha EC-03 Electric Scooter|
Hero Optima Plus
|Hero Optima Plus|
Hero Optima Plus is a Smart, Trendy, Eco- friendly e-bike with attractive features. The e-bike has heavy looks, sleek bodyline and Range Extender facility for maximising its range .The Water-proof Casing for battery, Broader seat, Large indicators with Extra safety and Hi-technology helps the customer to drive on Indian roads.more
|Xiamen Efun D6000Li|
E Scooter News
Terra Motors Unveils Electric Scooter With iPhone Dock
Terra Motors Corporation announced the release of its new A4000i electric scooter, which includes a smartphone connection.
The Japanese company said it is the first to mass produce a wireless, smartphone-connected scooter.
The two-person bike comes with a built-in iPhone dock, which can
collect and store details like electricity consumption, remaining
battery life, average speed and mileage, and navigation information. The
Tokyo startup intends to learn from that data to help develop more
services over time.
"Smartphone connection can provide new service to customers," the
company said in a news release. "[The] electric scooter will be more
than means of transportation."
Demand for scooters in Asia is especially strong — accounting for
about 80 percent of the worldwide market — due to growing gas prices and
high levels of air pollution. As a result, more than 30 million
electric bikes are sold each year in China alone. Still, maintenance
problems and supply chain issues keep electric scooters from competing
with the more popular gasoline motorcycles.
Terra Motors hopes to change that with its A4000i, which will sell in
mostly Asian markets for about $4,500, and is compatible with the
iPhone 3G, 3GS, 4, 4S, and 5. An iPhone-less A4000 model will also be
available, but pricing has not yet been determined. By the end of 2015,
the company aims to sell 100,000 electric scooters worldwide, including
its older SEED model.
The white-and-blue motorcycle boasts an average range of about 65 km
(40 miles); its removable lithium-ion battery can reportedly last up to
50,000 km (31,000 miles). A full battery charge takes about 4.5 hours.
Motorists have been traveling with smartphone-connected cars for
years, but usually via an auxiliary cable and a USB charger plugged into
the cigarette lighter. Apple last month introduced its solution to
snaking cords: iOS in the Car — a service that integrates iOS devices with a vehicle's in-dash system.Read more
An Electric Scooter That’s Made More Naturally
Electric scooters, with their small physical footprint and non-gas powered drive train, are pretty good for the planet right? Sure, but there’s always room for improvement, especially when you consider what toxic materials were likely used to construct the two wheeled vehicle beneath your butt. That’s where the Amsterdam-based design studio Waarmakers comes in, recently unveiling for sustainable mobility company Van.Eco Be.e, a scooter mostly made from “natural fiber-reinforced composites” (NFCs) or, more simply put, mostly made from good old Mother Nature.
The Be.e, noted the designers, is a frame less, bio-composite electric scooter with a monocoque body made from flex and bio-resin. It doesn’t get much more complex than that. The vehicle’s external skin is of a unique construction that “supports the load, similar to an eggshell, eliminating the need for a frame and the usual numerous plastic panels.” This exterior, more natural shell is believed to be so tough that Van.Eco has put behind it a four year warranty.
In choosing what materials would go into the scooter’s frame, Van.Eko pointed out that while even common plastics found in other scooters come from natural sources in a sense, they are derived from crude oil where once a tree, a plant or an animal. However, it took over a million years to convert these organic origins into oil, to then manipulate the oil in refiners to make the base materials for current plastics. In the case of NFCs we use organic material of modern provenance. So the materials we use took just one harvesting season to be created, we then manipulate these resources to be made into a durable material and use it in a scooter that will be around for another 10 years or more before we return the materials into the resource cycle.
Specifications of Be.e indicate a maximum speed of 55 km/h (34 MPH) and a maximum range of 80 km (49 miles) if the scooter is driven an average of 25 km/h (15 MPH). It operates on a 48V 40AH battery, according to In habitat, and has “the option of a second battery that is able to be installed and juiced by a 600W charger.” It also sports a 4kW electric motor.
Other features of note include USB charging sockets, a smartphone holder, cruise control and “boost function.” Be.e is currently in prototype mode, and is envisioned for riding around the streets of Europe.