Saturday, July 27, 2013

             British Super Bikes 2013  

 Round 7 

Oulton Park                                                                                                          09-11 August

Circuit Statistics
Left hand
Right hand
Pole Position
BSB Lap Record
Ryuichi Kiyonari - Honda 1:35.436 (2006)


Widely acknowledged as the most picturesque race circuit in the country, Oulton Park is recognised as much for its stunning surroundings as the spectacular racing that takes place on its hallowed tarmac. Voted the best UK circuit by BSB fans in 2007, Oulton Park features rapidly changing gradients and blind crests, and presents a supreme challenge to riders. Spectators can enjoy fantastic views of the action, with the outside of Knickerbrook in particular a favourite of the crowds.

Last Time Here
Tommy Hill was in imperious form at the July event as he scored a hat-trick of victories.
The Swan Yamaha rider had laid down the standard as he took pole start for the opening race which he won ahead of Tyco Suzuki's Josh Brookes and he continued that form into the following two races.
Hill made the perfect start but had to ride hard in the early stages to hold off his determined team-mate Noriyuki Haga but as the race developed it was again Aussie Brookes who came through into second place, ahead of Shane "Shakey" Byrne aboard the Rapid Solicitors Kawasaki. Haga dropped back to fifth, adrift of Samsung Honda's Michael Laverty.
Hill led the opening lap of the final race but Brookes stole the advantage and hit the front but Hill again regained the lead. Byrne took second place ahead of Brookes who dramatically held on as his bike swerved wickedly out of control and all but high-sided him over the handlebars. Brookes landed back on the Tyco Suzuki and lost five places but he fought back to take third with a last lap move on Haga at the final corner.

 BSB Standings
After Round 6 - Brands Hatch GP Feature race

1A. SeeleyGearlink Kawasaki 250
2S. EastonMar-Train Yamaha210
3B. WilsonGearlink Kawasaki 109
4B. McconnellSmiths Triumph Racing 170
5G. GowlandSeton Tuning Yamaha138
6G. RichardsSmiths Triumph Racing80
7J. O'HalloranSamsung Honda79
8G. IrwinMar-Train Yamaha71
9J. Dixon (C)Cf Motorsport 71
10L. JonesKgd 63



Saturday, July 27, 2013

Buchan considering options following Seton Tuning Yamaha test
Danny Buchan is considering his next move following a test with the Motorpoint British Supersport Championship contending Seton Tuning Yamaha team at Oulton Park yesterday (Friday).
Buchan parted company with the Quattro Plant Kawasaki team after the previous round at Brands Hatch and the former Superstock 1000 podium contender is now looking ahead to the second half of the season. The Seton Tuning Yamaha team tested with Buchan following their first podium finish of the season with last time out at Brands Hatch as they hunt a replacement for Graeme Gowland.
Buchan said: "Brands Hatch was a very strange weekend all round for a number of reasons. Phil (Seton, team owner) contacted me on Thursday and suggested coming to Oulton Park to ride the bike.  I'm a free agent and there is no reason why I should not take up the offer.  I really like the bike, Phil and the Seton Yamaha team.  It's been great getting out there today and that is what it has been about, simply riding the bike.  I'm not here to make any decisions today, but I am glad I came."
Team owner Phil Seton said:  "I've always liked Danny having worked with him in the past.  After the disappointment of last weekend with (Graeme) Gowland's departure, we simply needed to move forward and secure a good quality rider for the next round at Oulton.  It has been difficult, but we have secured the funding to take the team forward. I spoke with Danny on Thursday and he agreed to come along today at Oulton Park.  It is simply an opportunity for both parties to talk, allow Danny to ride the bike and then see where we go from there."

Saturday, July 27, 2013

 Burrell targets MCE BSB comeback with Quattro Plant Kawasaki test
Barry Burrell moved a step closer to securing his position on the MCE Insurance British Superbike Championship grid as he tested with the Quattro Plant Bournemouth Kawasaki team at Oulton Park yesterday (Friday).
Burrell moved to the IDM Superbike Series in Germany this season, but is targeting a return to Britain after narrowly missing out on a maiden podium finish at the final MCE BSB round last season. He completed over 40 laps of Oulton Park ahead of the next round of the Championship with team owner Pete Extance searching for a replacement rider for the recently departed Danny Buchan to line up alongside Chris Walker in the team.
Burrell said: "It was a good test for me and it felt good to be back with one of the top BSB teams. The bike felt good and we had a positive day. I want to thank Pete for the opportunity and we will see what we can do for the remainder of the season."

Thursday, July 25, 2013

QBSD Motorsport and Poole dive into MCE British Superbike Championship
The MCE Insurance British Superbike Championship will feature a new team on the grid from the next round of the season at Oulton Park on 9/10/11 August as the QBSD Motorsport team have today (Thursday) announced that Jamie Poole will move into the premier class for the second half of the season.
The team have big aspirations in only their first season as QBSD Motorsport, but with the combined experience of Mark Quelch and Poole, the Kettering-based team, who also operate a team in the prestigious Spanish CEV Repsol Championship, are determined to succeed and have long term goals for the Superbike class.
Poole has been a contender in the Pirelli National Superstock 1000 Championship this season, however the team have decided to make the progression into the Superbike class at the halfway point of their campaign in order to build foundations for next season and are feeling determined ahead of their MCE BSB debut.
Poole said: "This is a fantastic opportunity for us to progress and to move into the Superbike class; it has been an aspiration of mine since I started racing and it is for most of the riders in this paddock. We are a new team and after a frustrating start to the Superstock season we decided that we should make the step as the benefits for our partners are so much more in the top class. I hope that it will actual inspire some other riders and teams too as we have seen from Halsall Racing and GBmoto that you can make the progression and with hard work get results.
"At Oulton Park we will obviously been in at the deep end, but sometimes that is the best way to be. I look on this season as laying some foundations for the future in the Championship. We will be more Stock based than some of the other teams, but with the Motec ECU, the new slick 17 inch Pirelli tyres that will become mandatory next year, and some new front forks that really is the main difference. There is a perception that it takes more than that but the technical rules make it easy to move up and for us this challenge is what we need to take the team to the next level."
Mark Quelch concluded: "The team moving into the Superbike Championship was something that was mentioned at Snetterton and it soon gained momentum. We investigated all avenues of bike and rider but we decided to stay with the ZX10 and Jamie. This enables the team to get valuable experience in the class with a view of bringing in a higher profile rider next year. We are very excited but realise the transition is going to be very hard work."
The team will continue to field Australians Bryce Van Hoof and Benjamin Currie in the Pirelli National Superstock 1000 and 600 Championships respectively.

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Halsall Racing Kawasaki sign Bridewell to expand their team to two riders
Halsall Racing Kawasaki have announced that they have expanded their team to field two riders in the MCE Insurance British Superbike Championship, signing Tommy Bridewell to join Lee Costello ahead of the next round of the season at Oulton Park on 9/10/11 August.
The team progressed to the championship this season and had their most successful round of their campaign to date last weekend at Brands Hatch when Costello scored a twelfth place in the opening race. Bridewell's move to Halsall Racing comes just after the recent arrival of experienced manager Jack Valentine to the ambitious team. Bridewell was a contender in the Showdown last season and has previously been a podium finisher in the championship.
Bridewell said: "I'm massively excited to be joining the Halsall crew. It feels like a refreshing re-start to the season for me and this is just what I need. For various reasons, so far 2013 hasn't gone the way I wanted it to but this is just what I needed. My focus is 100% and I feel really good. It's exciting to be part of an up and coming team like Halsall Racing and I'm looking forward to working alongside Lee. I have a few years of experience in BSB now and I believe together we can really help develop the team and the bike. I'm delighted to have been given this chance to be a part of such an exciting project."
Team Manager Jack Valentine said: "It's fantastic news that Tommy has joined the team. Martin and I are both fully committed to taking the team forward and we knew we needed an experienced front runner to help us make this happen. I've always been an admirer of Tommy; he had an excellent season last year and for us as a team, getting the opportunity to run him is excellent. I believe this will be a great move for all of us. Lee is already doing a great job and now that we have secured Tommy we can move even further forward with our plans to make Halsall Racing Kawasaki a strong and competitive team."
Team Owner Martin Halsall concluded: "When we heard that Tommy was available we knew that this was the perfect opportunity for us to work together. He will join us at Oulton Park and we are all looking forward to it. We had always intended to be two bike team, and the chance to work with Tommy came just at the right time."

 Wednesday, August 07, 2013

 We can fight for wins at Oulton Park

Josh Brookes is threatening to continue his winning ways at Oulton Park this weekend in the triple-header round of the MCE Insurance British Superbike Championship as the Tyco Suzuki rider aims to add to his tally.
Brookes had a consistent run of podium finishes at the opening rounds but is on the ascent for Tyco Suzuki as the Showdown begins to beckon, claiming his first win of the season last time out and the Australian is ready to try and uphold national sporting honour in the three races this weekend. Brookes currently lies third in the overall standings but like rivals Shane Byrne and Alex Lowes, a strong performance in Cheshire could fire him into a secure Showdown position. 
Brookes said: "I think we can fight for some more wins at Oulton Park as I feel that we have progressed again with the Tyco Suzuki so it is important for us to maintain that in the three races this weekend. The win at Brands Hatch was progression as we had been consistent with the podiums until then. I don't know how that win will affect the other riders and I don't want to pinpoint out competition before the weekend because there are different reasons to watch everyone, but we intend to come out at Oulton Park and maintain our performance and have three good races."

British super bike  
 Seeley ready to keep pressure up on title rivals at Oulton Park

The Motorpoint British Supersport Championship returns to Oulton Park this weekend (9/10/11 August) and Gearlink Kawasaki's Alastair Seeley is ready to keep the pressure up on his chasing rivals, as he bids to maintain his position at the top of the standings.
Seeley heads the field by 40 points but Martrain Yamaha's Stuart Easton was victorious at the Cheshire circuit in May and after the pair's photo finish for the win at Brands Hatch, the Scottish rider will be pushing to add to his winning tally. Seeley and Easton were inseparable at the previous event and with the second Gearlink Kawasaki of Ben Wilson also closing in, claiming the victories this weekend could prove critical in the fight for the title.
Seeley said: "Oulton Park is hopefully going to be a good weekend for us and we want to be going for another double win. Last time we were there the races went down to the wire on the last corner of the last lap and I don't expect this weekend to be any different. The only thing I can see is that the leading group will have more of us in the mix, a bit like at Brands Hatch. It is nice for us to have that buffer in the standings at the moment, but it can change fast so we need to keep that up. We need to keep that pressure on the riders behind us at the moment and we want to do that this weekend."
Smiths Racing Triumph's Billy McConnell had a double podium finish at Oulton Park earlier in the season and is ready to challenge for the top three after a disappointing Brands Hatch, whilst his team-mate and defending champion Glen Richards aims to open his account of podium finishes this weekend.
Graeme Gowland became the fifth rider to claim a podium finish at Brands Hatch and despite parting company with the Seton Tuning Yamaha team returns this weekend in Team Appleyard Macadam Doodson Yamaha colours. This round also marks the debut in the Championship of former MCE Insurance British Superbike contender Danny Buchan who moves to the Seton Tuning Yamaha team following a recent test at the Cheshire circuit. Buchan has plenty of experience on a 600cc machine when he finished third in the 2011 National Superstock Championship.
Samsung Honda's Jason O'Halloran has come close to a podium finish but will be aiming for celebrations at Oulton Park, whilst Glenn Irwin, Jake Dixon and Luke Jones are set to be in contention.

British super bike


Monday, July 22, 2013

Electric motorcycles and scooters


Electric motorcycles and scooters

Electric motorcycles and scooters are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels that can be recharged from any external source of electricity, and the electricity stored on board in a rechargeable battery powers one or more electric motors to attain locomotion. Electric motorcycles, as distinguished from scooters, do not have a step-through frame.
As of November 2012, there are several commercial production electric motorcycles and scooters available in several markets around the world, including the Brammo Enertia, Brammo Enertia Plus. Brammo Empulse, CRP Energica, Zero X, Zero S, Yamaha EC-03, Vectrix VX-1, and the Lito Sora.

Power source

Generally, the source of power for the electric motor has been batteries, but development in fuel cell technology has created several prototypes. Some examples are: the ENV from Intelligent Energy, Honda's scooter using the Honda FC Stack, and the Yamaha FC-AQEL. Also, petroleum hybrid-electric motorcycles are available. Some examples are the Ecycle, and Yamaha's 


A scooter is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and usually with smaller wheels designed for urban transportation.

Various types of scooters

Scooters are divided into categories as per the particular niche that they are designed to operate in and speed requirements:
  • Two-wheeled high speed seated scooters separated from motorcycles by swing-through space in chassis 0-72 mph (0–116 km/h)
  • Two-wheeled Stand-up scooters (like a kick scooter) 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)
  • Two-wheeled Seated scooters 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)
  • Two-wheeled, side-by-side stand-up scooters like manufactured by Segway PT 0-12 mph (0–20 km/h)
  • Three-wheeled stand-up cambering scooter like Trikke Tribred (3CV 3-point carving vehicle) 18 mph (28 km/h) with dynamic suspension and front wheel drive
  • Three-wheeled standup scooters 0-15 mph (0–25 km/h) (i.e. Easyglider X6)
  • Three- and four-wheeled Mobility scooter (disability riders) 0-10 mph (0–15 km/h)
  • Three- and four-wheeled Seated scooters/golf carts 0-25 mph (0–40 km/h)

Electric motorcycle or electric bicycle

Two-wheeled motorcycles are generally differentiated from electric bicycles and mopeds (motorized pedal cycles) by speed, with motorcycles having greater speeds—usually greater than 30 mph (about 50 km/h). This line for what constitutes a 2-wheeled motorcycle has blurred due to marketing, styling, and public opinion.
Certain models of electric bicycle take the form of scooters or small motorcycles, with the standard features of common e-bikes, but with plastic or metal cladding, lighting systems; such as indicators and brake lights, and speedometers. They are however, classed as electric bicycles in most areas.
Read more

 Electric Motorcycle Conversions are Quickly becoming the latest trend around the globe.

 As the concern rises over the climate change, it has come to the attention of many that as a result, the environment and people’s lives are at stake. There is therefore shift from the combustion propelled automobile to electric motorcycle manufacture. An example is the Green Diamond Power Incorporation which majorly concentrates on green environmental-friendly technology. This has seen manufacturing of e-scooter and battery packing. Due to the climate change, the chairman of GDP Inc. has embarked on research on high quality e-scooter in with the idea of making our earth cleaner, more natural for the environment and for next generations to come.Read more 



electric motorbike


Zev Corp asserts that their ZEV7100 is the fastest street-legal electric motorcycles in the country. The sleek scooter’s three-gear electronic transmission and 7,100-watt motor give the bike a top speed of 70 mph. At a cruising speed of 50mph, the ZEV7100 has a range of 62 miles on a fully-charged battery. The Zev offers this streamlined scooter in five bold colors, as well as seating room for two adults. With an MSRP of £7’900 the ZEV7100 may be one of the most affordable high-performance eco motorbikes on the market.more
ZEV is a USA manufacturer with the VIN sequence 1Z9.
ZEV listed in the EPA "Verify" system under the name ZEV
ZEV is a group of hard core aerospace and mechanical engineers and business people that banded together to prove they could outflank, out design, and out perform everyone else in the alternative fuel vehicle market.  We are all racers and designers of spacecraft, motorcycles, rockets, race cars, race boats, (UAV) unmanned drone aircraft, and piloted aircraft. High performance and sophisticated engineering is spoken here.  Our senior management (+30 years) is internationally experienced, with numerous start ups and Fortune 500 operations on their resume.  Senior management spent over thirteen weeks a year on the road in the factories of suppliers for both ZEV and for the corporate customers who hire ZEV to design their electric vehicles and police their production.  We all firmly believe that electric vehicles are the fuel and environmental solution
We believe that the way to change the world is to build the world changing products. We are the guys that the huge companies hate.  We like to show up at the races with our small shop built bike and take home the trophy.
ZEV engineers are part of the same engineering group hired by other larger companies to tell them how to make their electric vehicles or hired to design the electric vehicles.  ZEV is what you get when you ask the engineers to design vehicles for themselves.
Our engineers are the same engineers building the electric motors and controllers for high altitude military aircraft projects.  In fact, they are using the internals parts right out of our standard scooter hub motors to create the aircraft systems.  Our engineers are also the same building high altitude generators, evaluating the technologies and suppliers for battery and solar cells for those specific programs.
ZEV USA is a USA corporation with assembly, prototype, test and demonstration facilities currently in WV. and Pa. 
Our Australia Design Facility ID number is D12645 and our Production Facility ID is P12644  We ship all over the world. 
We make components in both the USA and China with assembly shops in the USA, Australia, and Vietnam.  We do sub assembly in China of some components for shipment for final assembly in Vietnam for that market.  We do final and finish assembly with USA made components in the USA for the USA, Australian, and European market.  We use extremely skilled aircraft mechanics as our assembly workers in the USA. 
Our testing operations are  conducted in the mountains of WV. and the Pa. back roads.  Our test riders run the long steep mountain grades, rough roads, sub zero and 90 degree temperature, high humidity, through lots of rain to put our vehicles to the test. more

Terra A4000i

Terra A4000i

 As the functionality of smartphones and the popularity of electric scooters both continue to progress, it’s only natural that we should see the advent of electric scooters that feature smartphone integration. Recent examples have included the smart escooter and the MINI Scooter E, although the former won’t be in stores until next year, while the latter was designed only as a concept. Yesterday, however, Japan’s Terra Motors announced the upcoming availability of its iPhone-using A4000i.  Read More

 Yamaha EC-03 Electric Scooter

Yamaha EC-03 Electric Scooter 

Hero Optima Plus 

Hero Optima Plus 

Hero Optima Plus is a Smart, Trendy, Eco- friendly e-bike with attractive features. The e-bike has heavy looks, sleek bodyline and Range Extender facility for maximising its range .The Water-proof Casing for battery, Broader seat, Large indicators with Extra safety and Hi-technology helps the customer to drive on Indian roads.more

 Xiamen Efun D6000Li 

Xiamen Efun D6000Li 

E Scooter News

Terra Motors Unveils Electric Scooter With iPhone Dock  Terra Motors Corporation  announced the release of its new A4000i electric scooter, which includes a smartphone connection.
The Japanese company said it is the first to mass produce a wireless, smartphone-connected scooter.
The two-person bike comes with a built-in iPhone dock, which can collect and store details like electricity consumption, remaining battery life, average speed and mileage, and navigation information. The Tokyo startup intends to learn from that data to help develop more services over time.
"Smartphone connection can provide new service to customers," the company said in a news release. "[The] electric scooter will be more than means of transportation."
Demand for scooters in Asia is especially strong — accounting for about 80 percent of the worldwide market — due to growing gas prices and high levels of air pollution. As a result, more than 30 million electric bikes are sold each year in China alone. Still, maintenance problems and supply chain issues keep electric scooters from competing with the more popular gasoline motorcycles.
Terra Motors hopes to change that with its A4000i, which will sell in mostly Asian markets for about $4,500, and is compatible with the iPhone 3G, 3GS, 4, 4S, and 5. An iPhone-less A4000 model will also be available, but pricing has not yet been determined. By the end of 2015, the company aims to sell 100,000 electric scooters worldwide, including its older SEED model.
The white-and-blue motorcycle boasts an average range of about 65 km (40 miles); its removable lithium-ion battery can reportedly last up to 50,000 km (31,000 miles). A full battery charge takes about 4.5 hours.
Motorists have been traveling with smartphone-connected cars for years, but usually via an auxiliary cable and a USB charger plugged into the cigarette lighter. Apple last month introduced its solution to snaking cords: iOS in the Car — a service that integrates iOS devices with a vehicle's in-dash system.Read more

An Electric Scooter That’s Made More Naturally

Electric scooters, with their small physical footprint and non-gas powered drive train, are pretty good for the planet right? Sure, but there’s always room for improvement, especially when you consider what toxic materials were likely used to construct the two wheeled vehicle beneath your butt. That’s where the Amsterdam-based design studio Waarmakers comes in, recently unveiling for sustainable mobility company Van.Eco Be.e, a scooter mostly made from “natural fiber-reinforced composites” (NFCs) or, more simply put, mostly made from good old Mother Nature.
The Be.e, noted the designers, is a frame less, bio-composite electric scooter with a monocoque body made from flex and bio-resin. It doesn’t get much more complex than that. The vehicle’s external skin is of a unique construction that “supports the load, similar to an eggshell, eliminating the need for a frame and the usual numerous plastic panels.” This exterior, more natural shell is believed to be so tough that Van.Eco has put behind it a four year warranty.
In choosing what materials would go into the scooter’s frame, Van.Eko pointed out that while even common plastics found in other scooters come from natural sources in a sense, they are derived from crude oil where once a tree, a plant or an animal. However, it took over a million years to convert these organic origins into oil, to then manipulate the oil in refiners to make the base materials for current plastics. In the case of NFCs we use organic material of modern provenance. So the materials we use took just one harvesting season to be created, we then manipulate these resources to be made into a durable material and use it in a scooter that will be around for another 10 years or more before we return the materials into the resource cycle.
Specifications of Be.e indicate a maximum speed of 55 km/h (34 MPH) and a maximum range of 80 km (49 miles) if the scooter is driven an average of 25 km/h (15 MPH). It operates on a 48V 40AH battery, according to In habitat, and has “the option of a second battery that is able to be installed and juiced by a 600W charger.” It also sports a 4kW electric motor.
Other features of note include USB charging sockets, a smartphone holder, cruise control and “boost function.” Be.e is currently in prototype mode, and is envisioned for riding around the streets of Europe.


Tour de France Final stage

Tour de France 2013
Sunday, July 21st - Stage 21 133.5km
Versailles / Paris Champs-Élysées

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Jersey wearers after the stage 21

Yellow jersey
Christopher FROOMENo.1


times83h 56' 40''
Green jersey
Peter SAGANNo.11


Polka-dot jersey
Nairo Alexander QUINTANA ROJASNo.128

Nairo Alexander

White jersey
Nairo Alexander QUINTANA ROJASNo.128

Nairo Alexander

times84h 01' 00''
The day's winner
Marcel KITTELNo.197



times03h 06' 14''


times251h 11' 07''
Christophe RIBLONNo.89
rankriderrider No.teamtimesgap
1.GBR FROOME Christopher1SKY PROCYCLING83h 56' 40'' 
2.COL QUINTANA ROJAS Nairo Alexander128MOVISTAR TEAM84h 01' 00'' + 04' 20''
3.ESP RODRIGUEZ OLIVER Joaquin101KATUSHA TEAM84h 01' 44'' + 05' 04''
4.ESP CONTADOR Alberto91TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF84h 03' 07'' + 06' 27''
5.CZE KREUZIGER Roman94TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF84h 04' 07'' + 07' 27''
6.NED MOLLEMA Bauke164BELKIN PRO CYCLING84h 08' 22'' + 11' 42''
7.DEN FUGLSANG Jakob63ASTANA PRO TEAM84h 08' 57'' + 12' 17''
8.ESP VALVERDE Alejandro121MOVISTAR TEAM84h 12' 06'' + 15' 26''
9.ESP NAVARRO Daniel139COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS84h 12' 32'' + 15' 52''
10.USA TALANSKY Andrew178GARMIN - SHARP84h 14' 19'' + 17' 39''
11.POL KWIATKOWSKI Michal153OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP84h 15' 39'' + 18' 59''
12.ESP NIEVE ITURRALDE Mikel116EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI84h 16' 41'' + 20' 01''
13.NED TEN DAM Laurens167BELKIN PRO CYCLING84h 18' 19'' + 21' 39''
14.BEL MONFORT Maxime47RADIOSHACK LEOPARD84h 20' 18'' + 23' 38''
15.FRA BARDET Romain82AG2R LA MONDIALE84h 23' 22'' + 26' 42''
16.AUS ROGERS Michael98TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF84h 23' 31'' + 26' 51''
17.ESP MORENO FERNANDEZ Daniel106KATUSHA TEAM84h 29' 14'' + 32' 34''
18.BEL BAKELANTS Jan42RADIOSHACK LEOPARD84h 32' 31'' + 35' 51''
19.AUS PORTE Richie6SKY PROCYCLING84h 36' 21'' + 39' 41''
20.LUX SCHLECK Andy41RADIOSHACK LEOPARD84h 38' 26'' + 41' 46''
21.COLSERPA José149LAMPRE - MERIDA84h 41' 48'' + 45' 08''
22.FRAGADRET John86AG2R LA MONDIALE84h 42' 40'' + 46' 00''
23.ESPANTON Igor111EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI84h 44' 47'' + 48' 07''
24.FRAROLLAND Pierre51TEAM EUROPCAR84h 48' 55'' + 52' 15''
25.SVKVELITS Peter159OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP84h 50' 40'' + 54' 00''
26.NEDGESINK Robert162BELKIN PRO CYCLING84h 51' 05'' + 54' 25''
27.PORCOSTA Rui Alberto124MOVISTAR TEAM84h 51' 14'' + 54' 34''
28.NEDPOELS Wouter201VACANSOLEIL-DCM84h 53' 13'' + 56' 33''
29.FRAJEANNESSON Arnold77FDJ.FR84h 53' 46'' + 57' 06''
30.GERKLÖDEN Andreas46RADIOSHACK LEOPARD84h 59' 23'' + 01h 02' 43''
31.FRACHAVANEL Sylvain152OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP85h 00' 21'' + 01h 03' 41''
32.FRAGAUTIER Cyril54TEAM EUROPCAR85h 09' 22'' + 01h 12' 42''
33.IRLMARTIN Daniel175GARMIN - SHARP85h 09' 48'' + 01h 13' 08''
34.FRADUPONT Hubert85AG2R LA MONDIALE85h 11' 39'' + 01h 14' 59''
35.SUIMORABITO Steve36BMC RACING TEAM85h 17' 19'' + 01h 20' 39''
36.ESPZUBELDIA Haimar49RADIOSHACK LEOPARD85h 21' 02'' + 01h 24' 22''
37.FRARIBLON Christophe89AG2R LA MONDIALE85h 24' 37'' + 01h 27' 57''
38.BELDE CLERCQ Bart23LOTTO-BELISOL85h 24' 46'' + 01h 28' 06''
39.AUSEVANS Cadel31BMC RACING TEAM85h 26' 54'' + 01h 30' 14''
40.IRLROCHE Nicolas97TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF85h 30' 57'' + 01h 34' 17''
41.NEDDUMOULIN Tom194TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO85h 31' 10'' + 01h 34' 30''
42.ESPASTARLOZA Mikel112EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI85h 33' 07'' + 01h 36' 27''
43.ESPHERNANDEZ BLAZQUEZ Jesus93TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF85h 33' 20'' + 01h 36' 40''
44.FRAGENIEZ Alexandre76FDJ.FR85h 34' 46'' + 01h 38' 06''
45.USAVAN GARDEREN Tejay39BMC RACING TEAM85h 35' 37'' + 01h 38' 57''
46.FRAVUILLERMOZ Alexis219SOJASUN85h 36' 45'' + 01h 40' 05''
47.ESPPLAZA MOLINA Ruben127MOVISTAR TEAM85h 37' 15'' + 01h 40' 35''
48.RUSVORGANOV Eduard109KATUSHA TEAM85h 39' 21'' + 01h 42' 41''
49.ITAMALACARNE Davide56TEAM EUROPCAR85h 41' 30'' + 01h 44' 50''
50.NORNORDHAUG Lars-Peter165BELKIN PRO CYCLING85h 46' 22'' + 01h 49' 42''
51.RUSTROFIMOV Yury108KATUSHA TEAM85h 46' 34'' + 01h 49' 54''
52.FRAMEDEREL Maxime217SOJASUN85h 49' 41'' + 01h 53' 01''
53.LUXDIDIER Laurent43RADIOSHACK LEOPARD85h 55' 33'' + 01h 58' 53''
54.CRCAMADOR Andrey122MOVISTAR TEAM85h 55' 39'' + 01h 58' 59''
55.ITACUNEGO Damiano141LAMPRE - MERIDA85h 56' 18'' + 01h 59' 38''
56.FRAMOINARD Amaël35BMC RACING TEAM85h 56' 43'' + 02h 00' 03''
57.POLNIEMIEC Przemyslaw148LAMPRE - MERIDA85h 57' 08'' + 02h 00' 28''
58.FRAGALLOPIN Tony44RADIOSHACK LEOPARD85h 59' 39'' + 02h 02' 59''
59.FRAFEDRIGO Pierrick74FDJ.FR86h 00' 59'' + 02h 04' 19''
60.USADANIELSON Thomas173GARMIN - SHARP86h 02' 08'' + 02h 05' 28''
61.FRALEVARLET Guillaume136COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS86h 03' 41'' + 02h 07' 01''
62.BELGILBERT Philippe34BMC RACING TEAM86h 03' 51'' + 02h 07' 11''
63.FRACOPPEL Jérôme133COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS86h 05' 53'' + 02h 09' 13''
64.NEDTANKINK Bram166BELKIN PRO CYCLING86h 06' 52'' + 02h 10' 12''
65.FRAVOECKLER Thomas59TEAM EUROPCAR86h 09' 28'' + 02h 12' 48''
66.FRAVICHOT Arthur79FDJ.FR86h 11' 46'' + 02h 15' 06''
67.GERVOIGT Jens48RADIOSHACK LEOPARD86h 11' 49'' + 02h 15' 09''
68.AUSCLARKE Simon183ORICA GREENEDGE86h 16' 54'' + 02h 20' 14''
69.ESPIZAGUIRRE INSAUSTI Jon114EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI86h 18' 12'' + 02h 21' 32''
70.CANHESJEDAL Ryder171GARMIN - SHARP86h 18' 21'' + 02h 21' 41''
71.ITADE MARCHI Alessandro13CANNONDALE86h 19' 51'' + 02h 23' 11''
72.AUSHANSEN Adam25LOTTO-BELISOL86h 19' 55'' + 02h 23' 15''
73.FRAMOLARD Rudy138COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS86h 22' 05'' + 02h 25' 25''
74.RSAIMPEY Daryl185ORICA GREENEDGE86h 23' 17'' + 02h 26' 37''
75.GERGESCHKE Simon196TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO86h 24' 22'' + 02h 27' 42''
76.ITAMORI Manuele147LAMPRE - MERIDA86h 24' 59'' + 02h 28' 19''
77.GBRKENNAUGH Peter3SKY PROCYCLING86h 30' 26'' + 02h 33' 46''
78.ESPOROZ Juan José117EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI86h 30' 35'' + 02h 33' 55''
79.ESPROJAS José Joaquin129MOVISTAR TEAM86h 30' 45'' + 02h 34' 05''
80.AUSGERRANS Simon181ORICA GREENEDGE86h 31' 16'' + 02h 34' 36''
81.FRAEL FARES Julien213SOJASUN86h 33' 08'' + 02h 36' 28''
82.SVKSAGAN Peter11CANNONDALE86h 35' 31'' + 02h 38' 51''
83.UZBLAGUTIN Sergey206VACANSOLEIL-DCM86h 35' 35'' + 02h 38' 55''
84.ITAGAVAZZI Francesco65ASTANA PRO TEAM86h 35' 48'' + 02h 39' 08''
85.ITAQUINZIATO Manuel37BMC RACING TEAM86h 36' 14'' + 02h 39' 34''
86.SUIALBASINI Michael182ORICA GREENEDGE86h 37' 02'' + 02h 40' 22''
87.FRASIMON Julien218SOJASUN86h 38' 04'' + 02h 41' 24''
88.ESPMATE MARDONES Luis Angel137COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS86h 40' 08'' + 02h 43' 28''
89.FRADELAPLACE Anthony212SOJASUN86h 40' 53'' + 02h 44' 13''
90.BLRSIUTSOU Kanstantsin7SKY PROCYCLING86h 41' 23'' + 02h 44' 43''
91.USABOOKWALTER Brent32BMC RACING TEAM86h 41' 45'' + 02h 45' 05''
92.ITATOSATTO Matteo99TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF86h 44' 19'' + 02h 47' 39''
93.ESPFLECHA GIANNONI Juan Antonio204VACANSOLEIL-DCM86h 44' 43'' + 02h 48' 03''
94.ITAMOSER Moreno17CANNONDALE86h 50' 07'' + 02h 53' 27''
95.ITAGASPAROTTO Enrico64ASTANA PRO TEAM86h 50' 16'' + 02h 53' 36''
96.BELDE GENDT Thomas203VACANSOLEIL-DCM86h 50' 21'' + 02h 53' 41''
97.ESPCASTROVIEJO NICOLAS Jonathan123MOVISTAR TEAM86h 50' 21'' + 02h 53' 41''
98.GERBURGHARDT Marcus33BMC RACING TEAM86h 50' 41'' + 02h 54' 01''
99.JPNARASHIRO Yukiya52TEAM EUROPCAR86h 51' 33'' + 02h 54' 53''
100.SLOKOREN Kristijan15CANNONDALE86h 53' 43'' + 02h 57' 03''
101.NEDHOOGERLAND Johnny205VACANSOLEIL-DCM86h 54' 39'' + 02h 57' 59''
102.ESTTAARAMÄE Rein131COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS86h 55' 49'' + 02h 59' 09''
103.ESPIRIZAR Markel45RADIOSHACK LEOPARD86h 56' 19'' + 02h 59' 39''
104.FRAFEILLU Brice211SOJASUN86h 56' 25'' + 02h 59' 45''
105.NEDBOOM Lars161BELKIN PRO CYCLING86h 59' 32'' + 03h 02' 52''
106.GERMARTIN Tony154OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 02' 05'' + 03h 05' 25''
107.ITABENNATI Daniele92TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF87h 02' 35'' + 03h 05' 55''
108.DENBAK Lars Ytting22LOTTO-BELISOL87h 03' 52'' + 03h 07' 12''
109.ESPLOSADA ALGUACIL Alberto105KATUSHA TEAM87h 04' 06'' + 03h 07' 26''
110.RUSBRUTT Pavel102KATUSHA TEAM87h 06' 27'' + 03h 09' 47''
111.ITAMARANGONI Alan16CANNONDALE87h 06' 41'' + 03h 10' 01''
112.FRALEMOINE Cyril215SOJASUN87h 08' 18'' + 03h 11' 38''
113.GBRMILLAR David176GARMIN - SHARP87h 11' 05'' + 03h 14' 25''
114.POLBODNAR Maciej12CANNONDALE87h 11' 55'' + 03h 15' 15''
115.ESPGARCIA ECHEGUIBEL Egoitz134COFIDIS, SOLUTIONS CREDITS87h 13' 08'' + 03h 16' 28''
116.FRAMARINO Jean Marc216SOJASUN87h 13' 10'' + 03h 16' 30''
117.ITASABATINI Fabio18CANNONDALE87h 15' 20'' + 03h 18' 40''
118.ESPERVITI Imanol125MOVISTAR TEAM87h 15' 52'' + 03h 19' 12''
119.LATSMUKULIS Gatis107KATUSHA TEAM87h 17' 46'' + 03h 21' 06''
120.LTUNAVARDAUSKAS Ramunas177GARMIN - SHARP87h 18' 09'' + 03h 21' 29''
121.GERDEGENKOLB John191TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO87h 20' 03'' + 03h 23' 23''
122.FRASICARD Romain119EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI87h 20' 34'' + 03h 23' 54''
123.CANVEILLEUX David58TEAM EUROPCAR87h 20' 56'' + 03h 24' 16''
124.FRAMINARD Sébastien88AG2R LA MONDIALE87h 21' 08'' + 03h 24' 28''
125.FRAKADRI Blel87AG2R LA MONDIALE87h 23' 57'' + 03h 27' 17''
126.FRAROY Jérémy78FDJ.FR87h 25' 19'' + 03h 28' 39''
127.ESPLOPEZ GARCIA David5SKY PROCYCLING87h 25' 27'' + 03h 28' 47''
128.ITAFAVILLI Elia144LAMPRE - MERIDA87h 27' 59'' + 03h 31' 19''
129.GERGREIPEL André24LOTTO-BELISOL87h 28' 47'' + 03h 32' 07''
130.AUSMEYER Cameron187ORICA GREENEDGE87h 28' 54'' + 03h 32' 14''
131.BELVANMARCKE Sep168BELKIN PRO CYCLING87h 31' 13'' + 03h 34' 33''
132.BELWYNANTS Maarten169BELKIN PRO CYCLING87h 33' 46'' + 03h 37' 06''
133.BRAFISCHER Murilo Antoniobil75FDJ.FR87h 34' 28'' + 03h 37' 48''
134.FRAREZA Kévin57TEAM EUROPCAR87h 35' 11'' + 03h 38' 31''
135.GBRSTANNARD Ian8SKY PROCYCLING87h 35' 29'' + 03h 38' 49''
136.PORPAULINHO Sergio Miguel Moreira96TEAM SAXO-TINKOFF87h 35' 38'' + 03h 38' 58''
137.ITACIMOLAI Davide143LAMPRE - MERIDA87h 37' 11'' + 03h 40' 31''
138.NEDDE KORT Koen193TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO87h 37' 35'' + 03h 40' 55''
139.ESPPEREZ MORENO Ruben118EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI87h 39' 55'' + 03h 43' 15''
140.GBRTHOMAS Geraint9SKY PROCYCLING87h 40' 14'' + 03h 43' 34''
141.BLRKUCHYNSKI Aliaksandr104KATUSHA TEAM87h 41' 42'' + 03h 45' 02''
142.ITATRENTIN Matteo158OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 42' 10'' + 03h 45' 30''
143.FRADUMOULIN Samuel84AG2R LA MONDIALE87h 43' 51'' + 03h 47' 11''
144.NEDVAN POPPEL Boy207VACANSOLEIL-DCM87h 44' 55'' + 03h 48' 15''
145.NEDCURVERS Roy192TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO87h 45' 10'' + 03h 48' 30''
146.GERFRÖHLINGER Johannes195TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO87h 45' 42'' + 03h 49' 02''
147.NORKRISTOFF Alexander103KATUSHA TEAM87h 46' 30'' + 03h 49' 50''
148.GBRCAVENDISH Mark151OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 48' 44'' + 03h 52' 04''
149.NEDTERPSTRA Niki157OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 48' 45'' + 03h 52' 05''
150.NEDLEEZER Thomas163BELKIN PRO CYCLING87h 50' 35'' + 03h 53' 55''
151.FRAHIVERT Jonathan214SOJASUN87h 53' 49'' + 03h 57' 09''
152.AUSGOSS Matthew Harley184ORICA GREENEDGE87h 54' 04'' + 03h 57' 24''
153.BELSTEEGMANS Gert156OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 55' 54'' + 03h 59' 14''
154.AUSLANCASTER Brett Daniel186ORICA GREENEDGE87h 56' 59'' + 04h 00' 19''
155.DENVANDBORG Brian19CANNONDALE87h 57' 01'' + 04h 00' 21''
156.FRACOUSIN Jérome53TEAM EUROPCAR87h 57' 50'' + 04h 01' 10''
157.ITAFERRARI Roberto145LAMPRE - MERIDA87h 58' 49'' + 04h 02' 09''
158.FRAGENE Yohann55TEAM EUROPCAR87h 59' 46'' + 04h 03' 06''
159.FRAPINEAU Jérôme155OMEGA PHARMA-QUICK STEP87h 59' 51'' + 04h 03' 11''
160.BELROELANDTS Jurgen27LOTTO-BELISOL87h 59' 58'' + 04h 03' 18''
161.AUSO'GRADY Stuart188ORICA GREENEDGE88h 00' 07'' + 04h 03' 27''
162.NZLHENDERSON Gregory26LOTTO-BELISOL88h 01' 06'' + 04h 04' 26''
163.BELWILLEMS Frederik29LOTTO-BELISOL88h 01' 58'' + 04h 05' 18''
164.NEDTIMMER Albert198TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO88h 03' 59'' + 04h 07' 19''
165.ESPLOBATO DEL VALLE Juan José115EUSKALTEL - EUSKADI88h 04' 39'' + 04h 07' 59''
166.GERKITTEL Marcel197TEAM ARGOS-SHIMANO88h 06' 48'' + 04h 10' 08''
167.KAZMURAVYEV Dmitriy69ASTANA PRO TEAM88h 18' 26'' + 04h 21' 46''
168.KAZBAZAYEV Assan62ASTANA PRO TEAM88h 21' 32'' + 04h 24' 52''
169.CANTUFT Svein189ORICA GREENEDGE88h 24' 35'' + 04h 27' 55''

Froome: champion of the 100th Tour!

He was the dominant force in the 100th Tour de France and even though Christopher Froome lost 53 seconds to the winner of the final stage and 43 seconds to his nearest rival in the general classification, the Sky team sealed its second successive victory in the Tour de France at the end of the evening spectacle on the streets of Paris. The finish was around 9.40pm in the city of lights and the stars came out to shine: the four at the top of the sprinters classification had a drag race to the line to determine the winner of the 21st stage and it was Marcel Kittel who began the Tour as he started it - with a victory. The German won in Bastia, St-Malo and Tours (stages one, 10 and 12) and he topped off a stunning second appearance by holding off a late challenge from the four-time winner in Paris, Mark Cavendish. Behind the battle of the sprinters, the celebrations had begun. Chris Froome would roll over the finish line arm-in-arm with team-mate David Lopez and with Richie Porte by his side. The grin on his face spelled out the relief and satisfaction of becoming the second British champion of the Tour and the first rider born in Africa to take home the yellow jersey. He ended his emphatic campaign with an advantage of 4'20» over the best young rider - and King of the Mountains - Nairo Quintana. «I get a lot of inspiration from reading messages from fans who say that just watching the Tour de France makes them want to get out on their bikes or start cycling,» said the champion of the 2013 Tour. «That's what this is about. It's one of the main reasons we're here, why Sky is sponsoring us - to get that kind of response and support from the public back home is a really cool feeling.»
The progress report
The official start of the final stage of the 100th Tour de France was at 6.26pm with an equal record number of riders at the sign on for the final stage, 170 (matching the 2010 race when this was the biggest finishing field ever). The stage had two category-four climbs in the opening hour: the cote de Saint-Remy-les-Chevreause (at 29.5km) and cote de Chateaufort (at 33.5km). The peloton idled along at an average speed of 35.6km/h for the first hour. Before the race officially began, the bunch rode around the gardens of the palace of Versailles showcasing yet another popular tourist attraction of the host nation.
Steegmans (OPQ) and Rojas (MOV) were the riders who claimed the final climbing points of the 2013 Tour. There was a small crash involving Lagutin (VCD) at the 25km mark but he remounted his bike quickly and rejoined the peloton.

Sky leads to the streets of Paris
There were the traditional festivities at the start of the stage with champagne sipping and photo taking amongst the riders. The Sky team led the peloton to the site of the finish for the first of 10 laps of the Champs-Elysées with Froome giving his friend Richie Porte the honour of leading the bunch for the first lap. The Sky team did the whole first lap at the front of the bunch and then, on the second passage of the Haute des Champs, Boom (BEL) became the first to gain any ground on the peloton.
With 53km to go, the winner of the four most recent stages in Paris – Cavendish (OPQ) – punctured his front tyre; it took him just three kilometres to rejoin the peloton. At 48km to go, Meyer (OGE) instigated an escape. He was joined in the lead by Millar (GRS), Flecha (VCD) and El Fares (SOJ). Millar and Flecha kept the escape alive and led by 20” at the intermediate sprint (87km) where the Spaniard took first place for the intermediate sprint.
Westra (VCD) was forced to abandon the Tour de France with 38km to go.

Omega begin their lead-out...
With 36km to go, two riders from the Omega Pharma-Quickstep team went to the front of the peloton. Millar and Flecha were 10” ahead. Millar remained at the front of the stage while Flecha, who was briefly joined by Muravyev (AST) was caught 30km from the finish. With 25km to go, Millar had a lead of 30”; single-handedly, he held off the peloton until 18km to go. With 21km to go, Roy (FDJ) attacked the peloton, he caught and passed the stage leader but then duly retreated to the peloton. This prompted another move: Quinziato (BMC), Valverde (MOV) and Tankink (BEL) were in the lead at 17km to go. They had an advantage of 12”. Omega Pharma-Quickstep got seven men to the front of the peloton with 10km to go and Valverde's trio was 10” ahead. The escape was over with 6.5km to go.

100th Tour ends as it began: Kittel 1st in the stage
The Omega Pharma-Quickstep team was the dominant force at the front of the peloton in the closing kilometres of the 100th Tour but Argos-Shimano, Lotto-Belisol and Cannondale also had a strong presence. Kwiatkowski led Trentin and Steegmans to the ‘Flamme Rouge' but it was Argos-Shimano that opened up the sprint as they traversed the Place de la Concorde. Kittel started his sprint with about 300m to go and held off a strong challenge from both Cavendish and Greipel. The German is the only rider to win four stages of the 2013 Tour de France. The winner on day one is the winner on the final Sunday.

Froome drops 53” of his lead but wins the yellow jersey!
In the final rush to the line, Froome dropped well behind as the sprinters battled it out for stage honours. The Sky leader would cross the line arm-in-arm with Lopez (SKY) in 114th place, 53” behind Kittel. Despite his loss of time to Quintana who finished in the front group (48th, 10” behind Kittel), Froome became the winner of the Tour de France with an advantage of 4'20”.
Nairo Quintana (MOV) won both the youth and climbing classifications in his debut in the race.
And Peter Sagan, fourth in the final stage won his second successive green jersey.
Chris Froome is the champion of the 100th Tour de France. more

Chris Froome's incredible journey to victory

 When he is on his bike, Chris Froome's face rarely changes: his jaw set, features fixed in total concentration. As he rounded the Arc de Triomphe on Sunday night for the first time, in 20th place in the pack, with his Tour de France victory all but in the bag, the long, painfully lean cyclist's expression was the same as it had been for so many of the 84 hours he had spent in the saddle since leaving Corsica 22 days earlier.

The ecstatic smile and the tears would come later on this balmy evening, after 10 laps of the Champs Élysées. It is rare for a Tour winner to lose any time on the final stage but, in the final kilometre, Froome slipped off the back of the pack on purpose in order to share the final moments with his Team Sky teammates, crossing the line as a unit. Dropping back those few hundred metres meant the young Colombian Nairo Quintana closed by 43sec to be 4min20sec behind Froome in the standings, but that barely counted in the context of the previous 3,400km.
The Champs Élysées in the gloaming: a dream venue for a romantic evening. Tonight the Parisian sunset greeted the 169 survivors of the Tour, in a race climax put back by several hours to finish as the sun dipped over the French capital's western edge, as part of the celebration of the race's 100th edition. It was a gamble made with television images in mind and it paid off, with le couchant, or setting, bathing the riders in a golden haze for the final miles.
The previous evening Froome spoke of his "incredible journey", from mountain biking as a 12-year-old on Kenya's dirt roads to wearing the yellow jersey of the Tour de France. It is a voyage with a unique conclusion: the Tour has never had a finish quite like this. To mark the 100th Tour, the riders were made to race around the Arc de Triomphe, in Place d'Étoile rather than doing a U-turn hundreds of metres short of the great monument as is usually the case, to provide the most symbolic backdrop possible.
As Froome pedalled round the arch, wearing a specially designed yellow jersey dolled up in sequins to glitter in the night lights, the smoke from the red, white and blue vapour trails left by a flypast of la patrouille blanche, or White Patrol – the French equivalent of the Red Arrows – was slowly dissipating in the balmy breeze. The union flags flapped over the barriers in front of the bistros as they had done 12 months ago for Wiggins.
In the middle of Place Charles de Gaulle, a vast tricolour flapped below a list of Napoleon's victories on the Aarch's pediment. With the Eiffel Tower poking coyly over the horizon, it was the most French of settings for the latest instalment in Britain's spectacular summer of sport, in the wake of Andy Murray's Wimbledon, the Lions' win, and Justin Rose's victory in the US Open.
Froome had quipped the previous evening that his brothers were both chartered accountants "and that's probably what drove me to ride my bike". But it had been easy to do the maths over the previous three weeks: Froome had dominated the 20-stage race, taking three stage victories – one at the distinctive Mont Ventoux mountain top in Provence to clock up the biggest winning margin in 16 years. It was a perfect reflection of the form book, as the Kenyan-born Briton has dominated multi-day cycle racing this season, winning four major events before he even started the Tour, where he was the clear favourite.
Wiggins' view after his Tour triumph was that kids from Kilburn don't win the Tour de France. Nor do scions of the Safari Simbaz, a disparate group of young mountain bikers with whom the 28-year-old Froome, born in Nairobi and educated in Johannesburg, began riding back in Kenya at the age of 12.
As the first winner born in Africa, Froome's advent takes the Tour, founded in 1903 but missing 10 editions due to the world wars, into a new and still more exotic dimension than its first winner from the other side of La Manche. Wiggins' past as a cycling nerd with posters of Miguel Indurain on his walls seems almost conventional compared with his successor's tales of keeping pet pythons – Froome's were called Rocky and Shandy – and catching scorpions with his brothers.
Froome received his final yellow jersey with the Arc de Triomphe lit up against the night sky in honour of the 100th edition of the Tour. Vast projectors installed on the Qatari embassy bathed the great monument in a spectacular son et lumière. This had been billed as a tourist's Tour de France, taking in France's most iconic sights, including Mont Saint Michel, Lyon's Basilica and the Promenade des Anglais in Nice. The climax was no exception, beginning by the sumptuous splendour of Louis XIV's formal gardens at Versailles and closing below Napoleon's arch.
The next time the Tour caravan convenes, the race will have a grittier ring to it; on 5 July 2014, the 101st edition race begins with a 120-mile (190km) run from Leeds to Harrogate, which will be followed by visits to Sheffield and London: from the home of fine wine to the land of Last of the Summer Wine.
Whether or not Froome makes it a double next year, 2012 to 2014 will go down in the race's history as Les Tours Anglais.more
Tour de France 2013 

Tour de France 2013    

Tour de France 2013